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Flex Fuel E85 Ethanol

Fueling America's Future With Flexible Fuel Vehicles

Chrysler Group & E85

The Chrysler Group has a long-standing commitment to help improve our nation's environment and reduce our country's dependence on petroleum. To achieve these goals, Chrysler Group has been a leader in producing Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFV's) that run on E85. In fact, with nearly 1.5 million FFV's sold since 1198 - representing 10 percent of all of its vehicles sold since then - Chrysler Group has sold a greater percentage of FFV's than any other auto manufacturer.

Ethanol - Where It Comes From

Ethanol is essentially beverage alcohol that can be produced from a variety of sources, but mostly from sugar cane and corn. Corn is the predominant ethanol crop in the U.S. Groundbreaking new processes are being perfected to convert such diverse items as wheat straw and sawdust - items currently thrown away - into ethanol. These new processes are several times more efficient than the already efficient corn ethanol production in use today.

Flexible Fuel Vehicle FAQs

  • FFV's: Flexible Fuel Vehicles are designed to run on straight gasoline, e85 or any mixture of the two. If no E85 stations are nearby, it doesn't matter - you can fill up with straight gasoline like any other vehicle.
  • Components: What Makes an FFV - An FFV features specific components so it can operate on fuel with high ethanol concentrations. Since ethanol can be corrosive to certain fuel system materials, an FFV uses some or all of the following: a different fuel tank, fuel pump, fuel rail, fuel injectors and fuel lines. The FFV engine features a specially programmed engine computer to calibrate how much fuel needs to be delivered to the engine for optimal performance and emission control.
  • Retrofitting: Because of the complex nature of the FFV components, you cannot retrofit older vehicles to run on E85. You also cannot put E85 into a non-FFV because it may damage the vehicle's fuel system.
  • Driving an FFV: Whether running on straight gasoline or E85, there should be no noticeable performance difference when driving down the highway, or even when towing. The only differences you will notice when operating on E85 are up to 25-30 percent less fuel economy and the possibility of harder starting during cold weather.
  • Service: Typically, there are no special maintenance procedures on intervals for FFVs. As with any vehicle, it is important to consult your Owner's Manual for further details.

The Ethanol in E85

  • Renewable produced by US farmers from renewable crops so we need never run out
  • Domestically Produced current ethanol production reduces the need to import 46.7 million barrels of oil a year
  • Lowers Emissions Lowers tailpipe emissions of reactive hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulates, and contributes to cleaner air for everyone. It also reduces overall emissions of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas
  • Poses Less Risk than other fuel additives to ground water in the event of underground tank or pipeline leakage

E85 Challenges:

  • Fuel Economy ethanol contains less energy than the equivalent amount of gasoline. Fuel economy is as much as 25-30 percent lower with E85. Consequently, driving range is reduced
  • Infrastructure there are less than 1,000 E85 stations in the US versus 170,000 gasoline stations
  • Cost due to the lower number of E85 stations, there is less competition than for gasoline
  • Poses Less Risk than other fuel additives to ground water in the event of underground tank or pipeline leakage

On Balance:

Less dependence on foreign oil and a better environment are items of primary importance.The advantages of E85 to America go well beyond the price per gallon. Where CanI Find More Information? Click on the links below.